Wild Camping and UK Law: What You Need to Know

Wild Camping and UK Law: What You Need to Know

by Tom Miller

If you’re an outdoor enthusiast and enjoy camping, you may have heard of wild camping, also known as wild or free camping. It’s the practice of camping in remote areas that are not designated campsites or established camping grounds, and it’s a popular activity in the UK. However, it’s important to understand the legal aspects and regulations that govern wild camping to ensure you’re camping responsibly and legally. Let’s dive into the topic in more detail.

Wild Camping in England and Wales

In England and Wales, wild camping is generally not allowed, and you must seek permission from the landowner before camping on their private land. This includes national parks, forests, and other public lands. The Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 (CRoW Act) gives people the right to access certain areas of land in England and Wales for recreational purposes, but it does not grant the right to camp. As such, wild camping is typically only allowed with permission from the landowner or by camping in designated areas.

Wild Camping in Scotland

Scotland has different regulations compared to England and Wales when it comes to wild camping. In Scotland, wild camping is allowed under the Scottish Outdoor Access Code, which is based on the right to roam. The Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003 grants everyone the right to be on most land and water in Scotland, as long as it is done responsibly and with respect for the environment, property, and other people’s privacy. This means that you can legally wild camp in most areas of Scotland, as long as you follow the principles of the Scottish Outdoor Access Code, which includes camping in small groups, staying for a limited time, and leaving no trace.

landscape field

Wild Camping in Northern Ireland

In Northern Ireland, wild camping is generally not allowed without permission from the landowner. There are some designated areas where camping is permitted, such as the Mourne Mountains, but it’s important to check the specific regulations and obtain permission before camping in any area in Northern Ireland.

Penalties for Illegal Wild Camping

If you engage in wild camping in areas where it is not allowed without permission, you could face penalties such as fines, legal action, or being asked to leave the area. It’s important to respect the laws and regulations of the area where you plan to camp and obtain the necessary permissions if required.

Tips for Responsible Wild Camping

Whether you are camping in Scotland where wild camping is allowed or in other parts of the UK with permission from the landowner, it’s important to practice responsible wild camping. Here are some tips:

  1. Follow the Leave No Trace principles: Leave the campsite as you found it, take all your litter with you, and avoid damaging the environment.
  2. Camp in small groups: Keep your group size small and camp away from residential areas, farms, and livestock.
  3. Respect local communities: Be considerate of local residents, farmers, and other campers, and avoid camping in prohibited areas.
  4. Be mindful of fire safety: Follow local regulations regarding campfires and use a camping stove instead of making open fires where permitted.
  5. Observe wildlife: Respect the local flora and fauna, and do not disturb wildlife or damage their habitats.
  6. Be prepared: Make sure to carry all the necessary camping gear, food, and water, and be aware of the weather conditions and local regulations before you go camping.


Wild camping can be a fantastic way to experience the beauty of nature in the UK, but it’s important to understand and follow the laws and regulations that govern it. While wild camping is allowed in certain areas of Scotland under the Scottish Outdoor Access Code, it generally requires permission from the landowner in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It’s crucial to be responsible and respectful while wild camping, adhering to Leave No Trace principles and local regulations to protect the environment and respect the rights of landowners and local communities.

Remember, laws and regulations regarding wild camping can vary by region and may change over time, so always check for the latest information from reliable sources, such as the relevant national park authority, forestry commission, or local landowners. By being informed and responsible, you can enjoy the beauty of wild camping while respecting the law and the environment.


Tom Miller

Tom Miller

Tom is a seasoned camper and outdoor adventurer, with decades of experience exploring the wilderness. He's a retired park warden and has spent his life studying the flora and fauna of the natural world. Tom is a skilled outdoorsman, with a particular interest in backcountry camping, mountaineering, and wilderness survival. He's also an accomplished writer and has published several books on outdoor recreation.

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